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What is the difference between litigation, arbitration and mediation?

Litigation is the Court method of resolving a dispute where a judge decides the case. Arbitration and mediation are both forms of Alternative Dispute Resolution (known as ‘ADR’).

Arbitration is a non-court method where an independent arbitrator is appointed by the parties to make a decision which is usually confidential and binding.

Mediation is another non-court method which is flexible, voluntary and confidential. An independent mediator helps both parties to work towards a negotiated settlement if possible.

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